Art Gallery, Helsinki (1928) and Tölö Church, Helsinki (1930) by Hilding Ekelund, and several buildings by Alvar Aalto, in particular the Workers' Club, Jyväskylä (1925 the South-West Finland Agricultural building, Turku (1928 Muuramäki. Seafront regeneration: High Tech Centre, Ruoholahti, Helsinki (2001 Kai Wartiainen. The Finnish Architects Club was founded in 1892 within the Swedish-speaking Engineering Society (Tekniska Föreningen). The sauna is also a traditional building type in Finland: the oldest known saunas in Finland were made from pits dug into a slope in the ground and primarily used as dwellings in the wintertime. The earliest examples were not designed by architects but rather by master builders, who also were responsible for their construction. The competition for the Helsinki Guggenheim Museum (2015) was won by French-Japanese architect partnership Moreau Kusunoki Architectes.
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Kidder Smith, "Aalto versus Aalto: The Other Finland Perspecta, Vol. These were built throughout the country; a particularly well-preserved example is the district of Karjasilta in Oulu. For example, in the Otavamedia (publishers) offices in Länsi-Pasila, Helsinki (1986) by Ilmo Valjakka, postmodern versions of central and southern European details such as corner towers, blind (i.e. Pekka Suhonen, Arto Sipinen: Arkkitehti / Architect, Studio Aartomaa, Lahti, 2001. Published originally in Arkkitehti, 1956. Kennth Frampton, Modern Architecture - A Critical History, Thames Hudson, 2007 (4th edition). However, during the 17th century Sweden became a major political power in Europe, extending its territory into present day Estonia, Russia and Poland - and this expansiveness was reflected in its architecture over the next century. Influences abroad edit Finnish architects, primarily Alvar Aalto, have had a significant influence outside Finland. 62 Pihlajamäki housing area, Helsinki (1959-65) There was also at this time more disposable income; one outlet for this was the growth in the number of leisure homes - previously the preserve of the very wealthy - preferably placed alone on one of the numerous.